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3D Printing Into The Field Of Petrochemical


3D printing into the field of petrochemical

What is 3D printing technology?

3D printing technology is also known as "Additive Manufacturing" (Additive Manufacturing), is in the modern CAD / CAM technology, laser technology, computer numerical control technology, precision servo drive technology and new materials on the basis of integrated development of a Digital manufacturing technology, which uses the "layered manufacturing, layer by layer" principle directly to the design model into a three-dimensional entity, from the traditional manufacturing "removal method" into "growth law", so that product design, manufacturing cycle greatly shortened , The cost of product development greatly reduced, due to a wide range of application market and by the market attention.

Engineering plastics is currently the most widely used class of 3D printing materials, petrochemical industry as a result of both 3D printing supply and demand side role, is to promote the development of the main pillar of the printing industry.


Second, 3D printing now there is a market?

The United States about 3D printing Wohler report shows: 2013 global 3D print products and services market output value of 3.07 billion US dollars, up 34.9% over the previous year. In 3D printing applications, consumer goods and electronics are still dominant, and aircraft manufacturing and medical applications are among the fastest growing applications in the past few years. In terms of equipment ownership, the United States accounted for 38% of the world, China following Japan and Germany, with about 9% of the share of the first four.


Third, why is 3D printing and oil?

The core technologies of 3D printing technology include printing materials and printing equipment. Compared with equipment research and development, material research and development more difficult. 3D printing is not only a manufacturing revolution, but also a raw material revolution (based on this, I revised the future growth of the oil industry limited space). Petrochemical industry can produce synthetic resin, plastic and other 3D printing required raw materials, while oil machinery, chemical equipment manufacturing and repair is one of the application of 3D printing.

Petrochemical industry is the pillar of 3D printing materials. At present, most of the known plastic supplies available for 3D printing are made by petroleum refining. 3D printing used in raw materials are specifically for 3D printing equipment and technology and research and development, and its shape generally powder, filamentous, lamellar, liquid and so on. 3D printing used by the petrochemical raw materials mainly include engineering plastics, photosensitive resin and so on.

From the application point of view, 3D printing technology, although in the manufacture of petroleum machinery parts are still in the try stage, but the technology in the field of petroleum and petrochemical applications is very broad prospects.

With the drilling environment getting worse, such as drilling in ultra-deep water, 3D printing for the oil industry will become more important, 3D printing technology allows engineers to achieve complex design to meet the challenges posed by extreme environments.


What materials are available for 3D printing?

Engineering plastics is currently the most widely used class of 3D printing materials, common with ABS, PC, nylon materials. In recent years, Europe and the United States and domestic companies have developed the use of various types of materials: such as Israel Objet company developed ABS resin materials and VeroClear clear transparent material; 3D Systems injection molding materials VisiJetM3Black, Taulman3D nylon polymer printing Material taulman645; Orbi-Tech's Print Wire BendLay; Belgian Company MaterializeNV's new polyurethane material TPU92A-1 and so on.

Domestic research 3D printing materials units are relatively few, more prominent are: Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics on the short-cut glass fiber reinforced ABS composite materials for a series of modified research; Beijing too Seoul era and domestic and foreign well-known chemical products Suppliers of high-performance FDM molding materials ABS04; Huazhong University of Science and Technology to study the modified polystyrene support materials; Lanzhou Chemical by adding the initiator in the 3D printing resin to achieve initiator integrated 3D printing.


Five, which petrochemical companies have entered the field of 3D printing?

In the field of petrochemical equipment and parts manufacturing: ExOne's 3D printing products in 2012 in the field of energy oil and gas income accounted for 13% of its total revenue. General Electric (GE) began to try to use 3D printing technology to produce gas turbine parts metal fuel nozzle, plans to 2015, the fuel nozzle will be fully realized 3D printing production. GE also plans to use 3D printing technology to produce electronic submersible pumps that can pump oil into the ground.

US oil service company Haliburton has also begun to use 3D printing technology to produce the parts needed for oil drilling. US BlueFire equipment company tried to use 3D printing technology for the manufacture of PDC bit, the PDC bit with a specially designed nozzle arrangement, the use of 3D printing technology to achieve these high-complexity design, and greatly enhance the drill bit to deal with extreme environments Ability.

CNOOC Oilfield Technology Research Institute of the use of 3D printing and drilling with the formation of integrated tester seat, the current 3D printing technology has been successfully applied to the Institute of a number of research projects. 3D printing technology has successfully printed out boots and other rubber products, but there is still a great distance from the scale of production.

In the field of spare parts maintenance: GE is using 3D printing technology to provide spare parts maintenance services for large enterprises in the field of oil and gas, such as gears, structural parts, housings, and even some aerodynamic blades, which can be repaired using 3D printing technology ;

The international petrochemical company to see the 3D printing materials market brought great business opportunities, have involved in the 3D printing industry: DuPont launched commercial resin Somos series for 3D printing; BASF began to fully involved in the 3D printing industry, set up a global 3D printing R & D department, At present, Hunan Huashu Gaoke signed a technical cooperation agreement to jointly develop the world's latest SLS printing equipment and materials, and plans to establish a 3D printing material manufacturing base in China; South Korea's LG and the world's second largest printing company Stratasys consult the supply of high Additional synthetic resin ABS.

Therefore, 3D printing with its manufacturing principle has become a great potential for the development of manufacturing technology, petrochemical enterprises as a result of both 3D printing supply and demand side of the role of understanding more profound, but also has a comprehensive advantage of funds and a variety of technical reserves, Should pay close attention to the development trend of 3D printing, timely access to the field, seize the opportunity to win in the new round of technological revolution initiative.

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